Tag Archives: Robert Gulley (AK3Q)

ETOW distributes radios to hurricane-ravaged Puerto Rico through amateur radio network

In November, we posted an update on the Ears To Our World website with information about our most recent work in Puerto Rico.

After Hurricane Maria left the majority of Puerto Rico without power and basic services, at ETOW we waited for the right opportunity (after food, water and medical supplies were rushed in) to send self-powered radios to those still living without power and in need of basic community information.

Once US Postal Service delivery was restored to the island, we turned to our amazing volunteer (and SWLing Post contributor) Robert Gulley (AK3Q) to coordinate the process.

Robert contacted the Lares Amateur Radio Emergency Service (LARES) in Puerto Rico and asked for their assistance. Nelson Santiago (WP3B) with LARES enthusiastically volunteered to venture out into the community and distribute radios to those who needed them the most–families still lacking mains power. The LARES club distributed the radios effectively and efficiently–they also photo-documented everything.

The whole process was simply amazing to watch unfold.

Many thanks to Universal Radio who helped us quickly procure 15 self-powered radios for our initial pilot shipment. As of December, we’ve now sent and distributed an additional 40 radios–totaling 55 units to 55 families.

This whole project became a reality through our network of radio enthusiasts. We’re so grateful to everyone involved.  Thank you!

Click here to view photos and read about this project at Ears To Our World.

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Robert’s reviews and how-tos


Like a few of us contributors here on the SWLing Post, Robert Gulley (AK3Q), writes features for The Spectrum Monitor magazine (TSM).  Robert and I are both passionate supports of TSM–for a mere $24 per year, you get a monthly digital magazine that is simply chock-full of articles covering all aspects of our radio hobby. A phenomenal value indeed!

I’ve just discovered that Robert has published a number of his past TSM articles–reviews and how-tos–on his excellent blog All Things Radio.  Each article can be downloaded as a PDF. Here are the topics:

  • Using Weak Signal Software to Reach for the Sky! (Part 1)
  • Using Weak Signal Modes for Propagation, RFI, and Antenna Analysis (Part 2)
  • Putting My Handheld Antennas to the Test
  • Going Mobile with Software Defined Radio
  • Multipsk Software – A Review
  • TEN-TEC 1253 Build Review

Click here to view and download these articles at All Things Radio.

Thank you, Robert, for sharing these excellent articles with everyone! And many thanks to TSM for allowing its writers second publication rights. Click here to subscribe to The Spectrum Monitor.

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The Ghostly Radio Station that No One Claims to Run

There is a great article by Zaria Gorvett in the BBC Future online magazine concerning several transmitting stations which have baffled folks for decades.

Here is a brief introduction:

In the middle of a Russian swampland, not far from the city of St Petersburg, is a rectangular iron gate. Beyond its rusted bars is a collection of radio towers, abandoned buildings and power lines bordered by a dry-stone wall. This sinister location is the focus of a mystery which stretches back to the height of the Cold War.

It is thought to be the headquarters of a radio station, “MDZhB”, that no-one has ever claimed to run. Twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, for the last three-and-a-half decades, it’s been broadcasting a dull, monotonous tone. Every few seconds it’s joined by a second sound, like some ghostly ship sounding its foghorn. Then the drone continues.

Once or twice a week, a man or woman will read out some words in Russian, such as “dinghy” or “farming specialist”. And that’s it. Anyone, anywhere in the world can listen in, simply by tuning a radio to the frequency 4625 kHz.

It’s so enigmatic, it’s as if it was designed with conspiracy theorists in mind. Today the station has an online following numbering in the tens of thousands, who know it affectionately as “the Buzzer”. It joins two similar mystery stations, “the Pip” and the “Squeaky Wheel”. As their fans readily admit themselves, they have absolutely no idea what they are listening to.

The whole article is a highly enjoyable read – check it out! 73, Robert AK3Q

Robert Gulley, AK3Q, is the author of this post and a regular contributor to the SWLing Post. Robert also blogs at All Things Radio.

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Holiday Deals: SDRplay RSP1 and Icom IC-7300 at HRO

The SDRplay RSP software defined radio

The SDRplay RSP software defined radio

Yesterday, after SDRplay announced the new RSP2 software defined receiver, HRO included the original RSP (the RSP1) in their holiday “Pre-Sale Specials” and lowered the price to $119.95.

An excellent bargain in my opinion! Many thanks to intrepid SWLing Post contributor, Robert Gulley, for the excellent tip!

Click here to view the SDRplay RSP1 at HRO.

Click here to read our review of the SDRplay RSP.

Icom-IC-7300-Front

The Icom IC-7300

Also, many thanks to Dave Zantow who notes that HRO has also included the Icom IC-7300 in the same sale.  The IC-7300 price is now $1299.95. Also an excellent price for such a full-featured general coverage transceiver.

Click here to view the Icom IC-7300 at HRO.

Update: Dave also noted two other vendors offering the IC-7300 at a discount:

Click here to read our review of the Icom IC-7300.

HRO has a number of other items on sale, so you might consider searching their site for other goodies.

Post readers: Notice any other radio deals? Please comment or contact me!

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The Como Audio Solo and Duetto radios on Kickstarter

ComoAudio-Solo

The Como Audio Solo

Alas, I find that I’m frequently blamed by SWLing Post readers who cite this blog as the reason they spend so much money on radios.

But for the record, I’d like you to know that such spending is actually a two-way street!  A couple of days ago, Post contributor Robert Gulley sent me a link to a cool Kickstarter campaign for two new multi-format digital radios: the Solo and the Duet by Como Audio.

Having just completed an in-depth review of several WiFi radios for The Spectrum Monitor magazine, the good-looking Solo in its wood casing really caught my attention! (the Duet, meanwhile, is a two-speaker version of the same rig).  At first glance, the Solo appears to be  compatible with a much wider range of digital formats than many of its competitors, so naturally I’m eager to determine if this is so. Here’s a list:

  • Internet radio accessing 20,000+ stations
  • Spotify
  • Bluetooth with aptX
  • NFC Android Bluetooth connection
  • DLNA WIFI
  • Music player allowing easy navigation and playback through a USB or network-shared library of music files, including AAC+, MP3, WMA, WAV, and FLAC
  • 4 High-Res inputs: 2 analog, 1 Optical, and 1 USB.
  • Google Cast-ready
  • Amazon Dot-ready

It even has a “high-performance” FM tuner and is DAB+ compatible, especially great if you live in Europe.

It also sounds like they’ve spent time designing a proper acoustic chamber/chassis and are fueling a 3″ woofer and 3/4″ dome tweeter with a 2 X 30 watt RMS amplifier. This radio should pack some audio punch.

The Como Audio Duetto

The Como Audio Duetto

The only obvious thing I see missing on the Como Audio WiFi radios is an internal battery.

Still, after watching the video and reviewing the specs, I backed the campaign to receive a walnut Kickstarter Edition Solo. If all goes well––and I never actually expect a campaign to produce and ship a product in the amount of time they expect––they may be shipping the radios as early as October.

The campaign has already met it’s goal of $50,000 and is now stretching for $100,000 with more incentives.

So, I didn’t really need another WiFi radio, but thanks to Robert’s email––yep, I bought one! Now the only question remains:  can you actually make impulse purchases on Kickstarter? I think I just proved that you can.

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Part 3: SWLing Post shack photos

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Rajesh Chandwani (VU2OEC), Gurgaon (Haryana), India INDIA

Several months ago, we conducted a shack photo contest sponsored by Universal Radio. I’m posting all of your excellent photos as time allows and putting them under the tag, shack photos.

The following is the third set of ten photos along with any notes that were included.

Click on images to enlarge and enjoy:


Robert Gulley (AK3Q)

ak3q-shack

Notes: I have a Kenwood TM-D710G with lots of bells and whistles (center-right), including APRS and packet capability, Echolink, computer control, programming and data output, not to mention the regular functions of a dual-band, cross-band repeat radio. Another rig above and to the left (under the computer monitor) is my main all-mode rig, a Kenwood TS-2000. To the right is an old Swan 350 transceiver and power supply. There is an old manual Dentron tuner above that, and sitting atop of it all is an analog Uniden Bearcat BC898T scanner. There is an amplifier, a 220Mhz rig, several HTs, and on the bottom right my pride and joy Yaesu FRG-7 shortwave receiver. I currently have 6 speakers for various sound outputs. Out of the frame are two more computers, two SDR receivers, another monitor and a sound mixing board. I won’t begin to mention all the portable SW radios and several old DX-160s (my first real SW radio). I love listening/transmitting here, but I also take portable radios around the house and on the front or back porch as the mood hits.


Mahesh Jain (57HS4688)

IMG_20151006_202620_HDR

Notes: I am radio hobbyist particularly my beloved shortwave radio. But it makes me sad to see that most of the radio stations on shortwave in my country India are closing their shortwave broadcast and they are going online and digital, which is available to few not the all people. Hope the radio and specially shortwave radio revive soon. Hope we all have good old days back. 🙂

I love my Graundig Yacht boy 80 radios which I won from DW (german radio) and later i bought Sony ICF SW35. I use telescopic antenna and sometimes I use a reel antenna. I have very little technical knowledge about the radios and antennas used. Still, I keep on experimenting and sometimes found far far away stations, which is obviously a thrilling experience. with this hobby of DXing I have learned a lot about different cultures and nations. Moreover i am using the internet technology to get far away stations which are not targeting my country/region and the WEB SDR is the best source.


Ray Sylvester (NR1R)

radio room 001

Notes: Ray’s main shack rig is the Yaesu FTDX5000MP.


Darwin McDonald (SWL/W8)

Shack2 Shack1Shack4 Shack3

Notes: The Drake Receiver is my best–using a long wire and an antenna tuner.


S B Sharma

my radio_1087 radio & me_1447

Notes: In the photo above, I am listening to radio at world famous Buddhist temple in Barbadur, Indonesia. Photo taken while I was surfing and listening voice of Indonesia and general overseas service of India on the temple. I have been listening to radio for the past 32 years and continue today. Due to this hobby, I won two free foreign tours till date and hope there will be some more.


Clyde Ramsdell (N1BHH)

my_station_004

Notes: My simple station/listening post is the Icom IC-735 using one of three antennas:

  1. Off Center Fed Dipole (130 feet) at 45 feet high,
  2. 160 meter (250 feet long) dipole at 30 feet high,
  3. Random wire, roughly 45 feet draped around my room.

My bedside radio is a Grundig Yachtboy YB-400 with another random wire draped around the room. In the photo (above) you’ll find the Icom IC-735 on the Astron RS-35 power supply, MFJ-949E tuner and Bencher paddle, a Radio Shack Pro-106 scanner, Icom IC-3AT 220 HT and Yaesu FT-2900R.


Jawahar Shaikh

Screenshot_2015-10-06-22-27-45

Notes:  My favorite receiver is none other than Tecsun PL-660 as it pulls a lot of far away radio stations without any external antenna!!! On MW I could log a number of South Korea, Japan, and Australian radio stations.On shortwave, numerous far away radio stations including 1 KW Australian Marine Weather Broadcast station VMW. On longwave…Vow…Ireland radio on 252 khz…What else do I need from a budget Tecsun?

The tinyTecsun PL-660 is my DX magic box !!!! So,This is my listening post!

Location: Tamil Nadu state, India.


José William

image

Notes:  This is my little shack that is located in my backyard.

Features:
Receiver- DEGEN DE 1103
Antenna- RGP3-OC Loop Magnética and DEGEN 31MS active loop antenna
Amplifier- Amplificador Indutivo de RF DXCB-V1
Recorder- Sony ICD-PX312F


Peter Ströhlein

WP_20151010_22_04_21_Pro

Notes: My Listeningt post consists of my fav. Kenwood TS-50 (30khz – 30Mhz) and a VHF YAESU FT-1900.

All night long when my kids are in bed, I spend my time listening to numerous SW Stations.

This is my hobby since nearly 30 years! 🙂 So that’s my little listening post, illuminated with two little LED-Spots for SWL Nights with “Style”. 🙂


Hank Dean (KU8S)

DSCN0918 DSCN0917 DSCN0916 DSCN0915

Notes:  Here are four photos of a portable outing “QRP to the field” op in April 2013. This park is called Bear Pond and is located in the Seminole State Forest, west of Sanford, FL on SR 46, about four miles from my house. I love this place. Great place to have lunch and play radio.

The rig is a Yaesu FT-817ND QRP transceiver, a PAR end fed wire antenna, and SLAB 12v 10AHr battery. Apple IPad does the logging chores. Add some Chinese food, some almond cookies, a little sweet tea, Hmmnnnnnn, life is good!


Life is good, indeed, Hank!  What a great way to cap off this third set of shack photos!

Again, many thanks to all who sent in their listening post photos. I absolutely love the variety! 

Follow the tag Shack Photos for more!

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eBay sighting: Fully restored Sony CRF-320

s-l1600Many thanks to SWLing Post contributor, Robert Gully, who points out this Sony CRF-320 on eBay:

Click here to view on eBay.

The BuyItNow price is $1900 plus shipping(!)–not for the casual radio collector. A serious collector will probably purchase this rig. This particular listing comes from the eBay seller bigapple59, who is well known for restored vintage radios and a 100% customer satisfaction rating.

While the price of this CRF-320 is well beyond my limits, I do admire the amount of detail bigapple59 includes in his listings. Since this radio will eventually sell, I’ve copied and pasted the description of this listing below:

This radio is the famed CRF-320 manufactured by Sony from the years 1976-1980. As is the case with many Sony products, especially at that time, this was a high end “portable” radio that represented the best that Sony could put together in one unit. This Cadillac Sony unit was analog with a digital readout on shortwave and thus was one of the first radios to offer the user such frequency accuracy generally unavailable in a portables prior to this time. Most American consumer grade radios did not offer any where near the accuracy of tuning available on this radio. This Sony was a double conversion super heterodyne fully solid state radio that is built like a tank and weighs like one too…at a full 27 lbs without any batteries installed.

These CRF-320’s are coveted by collectors that enjoy the classic good looks, the outstanding capabilities, and the Sony brand that was stellar in the late 70s and early 80s. However, 30 years later, these 320’s typically have several issues that need attention and it requires some resourcefulness to deal with these issues. You many find these 320’s available for less money…even considerably less money….but they will likely require attention and unless you are qualified to do the restoration, you may spend a lot of money to bring the 320 back to full capabilities.

The selling price on this CRF-320 takes into consideration relative scarcity, condition, the cost to acquire, and the effort and expense in restoration. We have sold a number of these restored 320’s and this particular one is in good cosmetic condition overall, but not perfect. Operational and cosmetic details are given below.

Over time, these CRF-320s can develop problems due to use, abuse, and even neglect. Any of the 320’s that come into our hands go through a series of checks, and if necessary, things are repaired or replaced. Let us now list some of the common issues and what has been attended to with this CRF-320 radio:

1. The nylon tuning gears shrink over time and crack, exacerbated by time and heat. There are 3 tuning gears in this 320. The shortwave, FM, and LW/MW gears were inspected and tested and it was determined that the FM and LW/MW gears would need to be replaced. The FM gear was cracked and the dial was slipping. During replacement of that gear, inspection was done of the other two gears and the LW/MW gear was cracked, but still working. It was also replaced.

2. The antennas are often broken, or if complete, the spring that extends the top of the antenna allowing it to be grasped for extension is non-functional. The two antennas on this radio are in excellent condition. They extend fully and the spring works properly in each radio.

3. The s-meter is often non-functional with the needle pointer frozen in position. This s-meter had this problem, but was repaired and now functions perfectly.

4. The audio is sometimes weak or non-functional as Sony used some poor audio caps that were discovered only years later. The audio in this 320 worked fine on all bands.

5. Sensitivity of the bands can be weak. This 320 had reduced sensitivity on the AM (MW) band, but the other bands had good sensitivity. The sensitivity on the AM band was quite weak so that it was difficult for me to actually receive a local AM station. The service tech tweaked all the bands and now the MW sensitivity is wonderful and the other bands are also operating at optimum performance.

6. Some of the control pots can be noisy due to oxidation. The pots and controls were noisy and have been cleaned on this 320.

7. Dial lamps can be burned out. This 320 did not have an issue with any burned out lamps. Please note that some of the panel lamps do not illuminate until the specific band (FM, mediumwave, or shortwave) is selected so you may see some lamps out, but that is only due to the chosen mode operation of the radio. The lamps are not as easy to see in a well lit room and only illuminate the dial to see it’s markings in the dark.

8. Digital frequency counter may not work properly or at all. Many of the digital readouts on these receivers can have issues that can be seen with 3 dots instead of a frequency being registered and this can be a serious repair. The frequency counter on this radio worked perfectly fine.

9. Battery and storage covers are sometimes missing and the clips that secure them to the back can be weak or broken. Both covers were present on this radio and the clips were strong.

10. The quartz clock is sometimes non-functional, but on this 320, the clock works just fine keeping accurate time. You can see the clock D cell battery in the rear compartment when viewing our pictures.

11. The front protective cover is often missing, but is present on this 320. When operating the radio, the cover is typically removed and set aside. This act causes the cover to sometimes be separated from some of these 320’s that have survived and are being sold. If missing, the opportunity to locate and secure one of these front covers is nearly impossible.

There are no known operational issues / problems with this CRF-320. Anything that needed attention was cared for and this Sony looks and performs like a champ. All the dials turn completely across the bands and all the bands receive with good sensitivity. On shortwave, the operator needs to rotate the knob to select the proper Mhz band and then dial in the frequency using the tuning knob. Once the band is selected, then the antenna trimmer is adjusted for best sensitivity and then tweaked again once you arrive at a station.

This CRF-320 operates off of a Sony AC power cord that is included or the operator may use 8 D cells for “portable” use (not included). The quartz clock requires it’s own D battery for operation and you can see this small holder inside the larger upper compartment on the back. We placed a battery in the clock and it held accurate time for several days prior to our listing this radio. There is a connection on the front of the receiver to allow the user to attach to a 12 volt external source…like a car, RV or boat.
Cosmetically, the 320 is in very nice condition for these radios. We have sold about 35 of these CRF-320s and this one has a small area of scratching on the front left side to the left of the FM dial. In addition, there are some minor markings on the sides and top, but is in better than average overall condition. The 320 has been fully detail cleaned by Pamela, my wife, who is meticulous in her work. We try to detail everything we sell and we encourage you to look closely at my pictures for specific cosmetic detail and email if you have any questions. Please note that after the pictures were taken, we decided to change the foam in the battery compartment so this is new foam and not the original Sony foam as seen in the pictures.

This CRF-320 comes with a full array of support documents and it’s AC power cord. In fact, this is the most complete set of user and service documents that we believe has ever been made available for this consumer shortwave radio. Along with the radio, you will receive:

1. A color copy of the CRF-320 Operating Manual. While much of the operation of the radio is intuitive, this manual includes information on properly using this radio, setting the clock and timer, and how to maximize your knowledge of the capabilities of this radio.

2. A copy of the CRF-320 Service Manual in color with 63 pages that has schematics, dis-assembly instructions, parts lists, dial cord stringing, etc.

3. A copy of the CRF-320 Circuit Description of 23 pages. This manual is the same as the 330K Circuit Description manual since both radios were identical with the exception of the tape deck.

4. A copy of the CRF-320 Troubleshooting Guidebook of 36 pages. Again, this is virtually identical to the 330 Guidebook since both units use the same radio circuitry.

5. A copy of the CRF-320/330K Troubleshooting Guide Supplement of 22 pages.

6. Several service updates that are 1 or 2 pages of corrections or of supplemental information.

7. A copy of the Sony sale brochure for the CRF-320 that identifies the features and gives operational specs.

8. A copy of the Sony advertisement for the CRF-320 radio from the 1970’s.

9. A CD that contains the above documents in PDF format.

What makes this receiver so special beyond the accuracy of the frequency readout ….well, the construction for one. Sony made comprehensive use of die-cast aluminum and chrome at a time when manufacturers regularly used plastic, cardboard, and vinyl to cheapen their products. There were no short cuts taken on construction as even the metal knobs have a rubber gripping surface and the speaker grill is metal to protect the speaker beneath. There are rack handles on the sides that extend to the front in order to give the unit a semi-military appearance, to offer additional grab surfaces, and to protect the array of front dials and knobs from damage should the unit tip over or during replacement of batteries. As with the knobs, Sony spared no expense in making these rack handles out of chrome and covering them with rubber trim for design sharpness and for gripping.

Fred Osterman in his book “Shortwave Receivers Past & Present” lists this radio as extremely scarce. The suggested retail price was $1500 at the time of sale in 1976…..yes, for a portable radio in the 1970’s! Using the consumer price index, the cost for this same radio in 2016 dollars would be $6,245 if purchased today….over 4 times the original cost!

http://www.bls.gov/data/inflation_calculator.htm

The CRF-320 is a general coverage receiver and covers the Longwave, AM, Shortwave, and FM bands. Basically, the unit begins at 150 KHz and runs up to 30 MHz plus FM. There are two separate telescopic antennas…one for FM and the other for Shortwave and then a separate internal ferrite antenna for AM and Longwave. The telescopic antennas are unique in that they completely retract flat into the cabinet. Then with a slight push, the top of the whip antennas spring up about an inch for you to grab and extend. The right shortwave antenna extends vertical and the left FM antenna extends to allow a swivel from upright so that it can catch the FM signal more readily.

This Sony radio is a gadget person’s delight having lots of buttons and knobs to add visual and operational interest. Other features on this CRF-320 include:

  • digital quartz clock timer (cutting edge for the mid 70’s)
  • dial lamps for each band
  • narrow / wide bandwidth filter
  • scale calibration
  • headphone jack
  • input jack, output jack
  • antenna jack for external connections
  • recording jack
  • antenna trimmer
  • local / dx switch
  • noise blanker
  • FM muting
  • AFC
  • RF gain
  • battery check button
  • jack to connect a separate 12 volt power supply
  • separate bass / treble controls to tailor sound to suit the listener preference.
  • timer – so that the owner can record a program when absent or turn the unit on as if using for an alarm clock. On the back, you will spot 2 compartments…one for batteries and one for the AC power cord and other accessories like an earphone.

The separate tuning dials on this unit allow for the user to move from AM to FM to Shortwave and back again and not have to re-tune the dials for each band…a very convenient feature. If you look at the frequency readout and the analog scale in the pictures, you will see that they are close. There is a knob to calibrate the analog scale to the digital readout to get the dial scale “spot on” for shortwave tuning. There is a choice of narrow or wide IF filters for maximizing fidelity and minimizing side-channel interference and the choice of upper and lower sideband to hear marine, aircraft, or amateur radio traffic.

Here is some concise info on Rigpix:

http://www.rigpix.com/sony/sony_crf320.htm

There is not much info online about this radio and thus this indirectly helps to establish the scarcity of the CRF-320!

We are happy to answer any questions about this radio that you may have.

The cost to purchase packing materials for the CRF-320 for safe shipping will cost $20 regardless of where the radio is shipped. This charge will not cover all our packing material costs, but should allow us to pack this 320 properly for transport to your location. The shipping cost includes the cost for packing materials, shipping charge, and full insurance.

Overseas buyers are warned that shipping overseas will be expensive. We have shipped several of these CRF-320’s overseas and the cost was not cheap any time this was done due to the weight and size. The Ebay calculator is set for UPS delivery, but it is very likely that USPS Express Guaranteed mail will be less expensive. Unfortunately, this is not an option to select for the Ebay calculator. If you would like us to verify and see if shipping can be lower using Express Guaranteed, please email your city and postal code. Also, please keep in mind that the shipping cost does not include any customs, duty, import or VAT fees. If you are unsure whether you will be responsible for additional costs to receive this radio, please check with your local post office and custom’s office prior to purchase. Thank you!

In shipping this radio overseas, it may be determined that the post office will not allow me to purchase full insurance to cover the value of the radio. There are a couple of destinations in which the insurance value is limited to $650. This cannot be easily determined prior to purchase as there is no clearing house to see which destinations may be affected. If you should purchase from such a location, I will offer an alternative shipping that will likely be more expensive. If this is not acceptable to you, we can reverse the sale so that neither one of us is held accountable. Thank you for your understanding.

The buyer is to pay via Paypal within 3 days of purchase. Ebay does not permit us to list other accepted forms of payment so we will refrain from doing so to prevent them from removing my listing as is the Ebay policy. Please email if you have any questions.

Penna residents are reminded that they are responsible for the 6% state sales tax.

Thank you for taking the time out of your busy day to look at our Ebay items!

Info About Sony

Sony is a postwar (WW2) success story. The Sony Corp. was first established in May of 1946 in Japan and given the name from combining “Sonus”, the original Latin word for “Sonic”, meaning sound, and Sonny denoting small size. Over the years, Sony has been an industry and worldwide leader in high end and in minature consumer electronics. It has become one of the larger electronics firms worldwide and the Sony name if often attributed to high quality products. The company history is long and very extensive, detailing many of the company’s innovations and achievements. I sometimes include coporate history in my Ebay sales, but will not do that in this sale as that would require someone to read an enormous amount of information. Instead, if interested, you may read about the fascinating history of Sony here:

http://www.sony.net/Fun/SH/

Thanks again, Robert, for sharing this listing! Sadly, I’ll just keep dreaming that a CRF-320 will show up at the local thrift store.

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